Communication:

The imparting or exchanging information’s by sending, receiving, writing, or using some other medium is called communication. The ability to access yourself well, both verbally and none verbally, in way which are proper to your cultures and circumstances. This doesn’t mean only being able to express, desires and opinions, but also include asking for advice and help.

Effective communication

What actually effective communication is, listener fully understand the point you trying to express. For instance, you are a good English speaker but whom you telling, they don’t understand English and you keep on speaking English. 7cs is a best example I remembers of effective communication. To improve communication, there are some types of communications.

 

Verbal communication

Nonverbal communication

 

 

Verbal communication:

Definition:

The Verbal Communication is a type of oral communication where in the message is decoded through the words. The sender speaks words to express his/her feelings, thoughts, ideas, opinions and expresses them in the form of speeches, discussions, presentations, and conversations in other words we can say verbal communication is the use of words to share information with other people.

4 Types of verbal communication:

Intrapersonal communication: this types of communication is work with ourselves personally, in other words this communication style works in our mind, where we analyses can either be conveyed verbally to someone or stay as thoughts.

Interpersonal communication: This types of communication take place between two or more people where both party’s sender or receiver are involve to share their ideas clearer.

Small group of communication:  this type of Communication is among two or more than two people where the number of participant can easily allow each other to interact and converse with rest of group, who are usually in proximity and who are usually in close proximity.

Public communication: the type of communication is where one is addresses to large community such as elections campaigns.  This form of communication is to give people a new information or knowledge. There is mostly single is sender and several is receiver.

Inappropriate communication: Behavior that are considered to be inappropriate, concerning or threatening include: angry aggressive communication, unwanted attention

Communications styles:

Passive:    this style tends to be a “pushover.” Allowing difficult people to walk all over them. Passive communication are those people who only listen to others. What others want? Listen to others and they don’t have their own voice. Mostly people are submissive generally they do not open themselves to others not even coordinate. They have only certain views for themselves which only stays confined as thought. For example who talk like this, they are passive communicator.

I don’t know

Whatever you think it would be ok to me, because you have more knowledge and experience

I don’t care it doesn’t matter to me at all

Aggressive: the individual tends to be so combative that people might avoid interacting with a person with this style.  They always talking about themselves For example what do you want? What are you staring at?

Why don’t you understand, I am telling you that I am right

It is going to be my way or not at all

You don’t know how to do this only I can

Assertive:  this style is professionally assertive when dealing with people, even when people are difficult. They continue to be open even if one is disagrees. These type of people take others opinions under consideration and have negotiate it to get amazing conclusion. They can immerge in both passive and aggressive communicator   for example

So, what you want to say?

I can understand what you are trying to say

Your opinion also matters to me but if

I believe, I think,

 

Nonverbal Communication;

Nonverbal communication is a form of where sender, send message without using words. It is also called manual language. Nonverbal communication was introduced in 1956 by psychiatrist Jurgen Ruesch and author Weldon Kees “Nonverbal Communication: Notes on the Visual Perception of Human Relations.”

Types of nonverbal communication

Kinesics

The word kinesics comes from the root word kinesis, it means “movement.” Refers to the study of movements of hand, arm, body, and face. Specifically, in others words can say gestures, head movements and posture, eye contact, and facial expressions as nonverbal communication.

 

Eye contact:

perer A. Andersen research paper eye behavior December 2015.Eye behavior is a crucial part of nonverbal communication and an essential requirement of face-to-face interaction. The study of eye behavior is called oculesics, and sometimes it is considered a subset of kinesic communication. The most important aspect of oculesics is eye contact that opens communication channels, signals availability for interaction, listening, immediacy, and intimacy. The absence of eye contact engenders negative attributions including rudeness, deceptiveness, insincerity, unfriendliness, and timidity. Eye contact increases interpersonal influence and is a powerful behavior when speaking. This entry also discusses pupil dilation, which is a sign of interest or arousal, eye movements which are associated with brain activity, and additional oculesics behaviors such as winking, blinking, and eyebrow movements.

Photo by Christina Morillo

 

Facial expression: Chris Frith Published:12 December 2009

The expressions we see in the faces of others engage a number of different cognitive processes. Emotional expressions elicit rapid responses, which often imitate the emotion in the observed face. These effects can even occur for faces presented in such a way that the observer is not aware of them. We are also very good at explicitly recognizing and describing the emotion being expressed. A recent study, contrasting human and humanoid robot facial expressions, suggests that people can recognize the expressions made by the robot explicitly, but may not show the automatic, implicit response. The emotional expressions presented by faces are not simply reflexive, but also have a communicative component. For example, empathic expressions of pain are not simply a reflexive response to the sight of pain in another, since they are exaggerated when the empathizer knows he or she is being observed. It seems that we want people to know that we are empathic. Of especial importance among facial expressions are ostensive gestures such as the eyebrow flash, which indicate the intention to communicate. These gestures indicate, first, that the sender is to be trusted and, second, that any following signals are of importance to the receiver.

Photo by Pixabay

Para-linguistic: this is about how you say it not what you say. It actually is, when we’re talking about tone, not the words you choose, but the manner in which you choose to say it. I give you an example if somebody says to me “hey UMAIR how you’re doing today”. I turns my eyes saying fine. It mean I don’t like to talk anymore. But if I excitedly it means I am doing okay, so I would normally go fine. If my tone is lighter, my expression is lighter, I am truly fine, but if I go underlying. The message is I am really not fine but I simply telling that I am fine.

Vocalic:  this form of communication relates to paralanguage communication. People express themselves through their voice. The voice have different tones. Such as harder, softer, louder lighter, monotone. If I say in softer voice go bring coffee. It means I am requesting but if I say loudly it would consider in order.

Gestures: gesture is a name of movement actions of body are equally strong as our words. Movements of face, hands legs and other parts of the body to convey something. It could be either automatic or voluntary instinctive response, and such kind of activities are known as gestures. It is very important that message and gesture response must consistent, is a sign of positivity. When inconsistency occurs between words and gestures, our message may be misunderstood, be distorted, if our nonverbal behaviors fail to support what we say. For instance consider a student asking a question. The instructor looking at the ceiling while answering irrelevant and surges the shoulders before replying, precisely indicating displeasure.

Photo by Pixabay

 

 

Posture: standing sitting is strongly impacts felling and judgement because it gives clue others to determine how you feel? For example someone sitting in front of interviewer with folding legs. It gives clue to interviewer that he is not potential for job. If someone sat with hands resting in lap it show nervousness of interviewee. Shaking legs would determines, interviewee is not prepare for question. Kneeling would present that he is ashamed of what he did.

. Photo by Afta Putta Gunawan