Definition of leadership

Leadership word comes from the “lead” is a verb which means to lead, captain, guides.  There are many different definitions of leadership because leadership needed in various fields. To understand leadership, is a creativity in action. It is ability to see future in term of the past and present situation. The word leadership “lead” according to the Webster dictionary, means “to guide on a way” moreover “leader” is defined as “a person who leads and has commanding authority or influence”. Furthermore, “leadership” is describes as “a person as a leader group, organization, or an institution. The authority or ability to lead others people”. (Kemal M. Surji hawler)

Leadership is the moral and intellectual ability to visualize and work for what is the best for company and its employs” (Mullins 2001)

“Leadership is the ability to persuade others to seek defined objectives enthusiastically” (john et al. 1987)

“Leadership is influence, nothing more and nothing less” (john C. Maxwell)

“Leadership is the ability to influence motivate, and direct others in order to attain desired objectives”

 (Don dan John 1992)


Leadership – qualities of the leader

Kemal M. Surji PhD, RRT, HA

Hawler Medical University,  College of Pharmacy

 “Leadership” composed of 10 letters, each represents a word that have its own power in the leadership field. The words that characterize the subject are:

 L: level – quality of the leader level up the grade of value in group, organization etc.

E: eagerly – Great leader’s quality, used to emphasize a desire to achieve goals

A: asking – Good leader quality, always does consult for advice with colleagues before taking any decision, and listen to them to communicate effectively.

D: Dauntless – quality of the leader, have dauntless courage, he have unwearied energy to achieve targets.

E: empower – quality of the leader is to give responsibilities to people and give support them they need.

R: responsive – qualities of leadership, take responsibility for action.

S: scrutinize – leadership quality, ability to make tough decision and do accounts the results.

H: humility – a humble leader always try to evaluate everyone with humility and makes them to feel they are important and valued.

I: integrity – good qualities in a leader is empower, motivate people with inspiration, honesty and truthfulness.

P: Plan –   great leaders have ability of strategic planning. They have alternative solutions when one doesn’t work they don’t get hopeless.



Bad behavior

Some following phrases and statements are considered destructive and potentially cause harm to members, colleagues.

  1. I am your leader don’t mess with me or you be fired
  2. I wants results not friends
  • Do it at any cost
  1. It’s impossible
  2. I do know everything
  3. This is not my fault

When person of authority use these actions, it put adverse effect on central principles of leadership qualities.

According to (John C. Maxwell), different stages, the 5-Ps of leadership, can’t become efficient leader until unless he’s go through these phases.

  1. Position (Right), the entry level, people follow because they have to.
  2. Permission (the relationship), the influence level, people follow because they want to.
  3. Production, result level, people follow because of what the leader has done for organization.
  4. People development re-production level, people follow because of what the leader has done for them.

Leadership skills


Good leader is able to focus their attention on the given task at hand without being deflect. Even when they are extremely busy, they contribute in the process with team members and not give orders from the sideline.

There’s a local restaurant that I love, not only because the food is delicious, but I love how they manage. The owner brings food to his customers, answers the phone calls and everything in between. He even makes sure greeting to every person that comes into his restaurant. That’s an engaged leader!



There is a hell of difference between Passion and profession.

In the profession, leaders may be working under compulsion. Because of compulsion, they could not give attention well. But, if they do their task with passion, it would precisely generate extraordinary result.

You have to be burning with an idea, or a problem, or a wrong that you want to right. If you’re not passionate enough from the start, you’ll never stick it out. – Steve Jobs


Having extraordinary quality of being honest and having strong morals, is an important leadership trait because it will allow others to clearly identify with you. Having faith and honesty in all dealings assures followers of intentions.


Great leaders cause that drives forward with no excuses, negativity holding people back. Give assurance to people who find reasons, it won’t work. Healthy level of self-assurance that gives a practical, impractical sense of faith in leaders


I believe that age doesn’t matter to be a great leader. Age can’t measure of maturity level. I worked with teenage leaders, they act like men. Sometime Youngers act like men and old men act like teenagers. Maturity comes from being courteous, having knowledge, skills, wisdom. Self-confidence and ability to follow through without excuses are strong indicators of maturity.

Social skills:

Social skills does matter. Being a good leader must be friendly, and ability to speak with anyone in a calm respectful and engaging way. Have knowledge of all field, where he currently working, so that no one can cheat.

Public Speaking skills:

Great leaders have ability to communicate anyone at any place rather in crowds or in small group. They don’t scared of issues with speaking in front of anyone.  This is not only important for able to deliver message across clearly, also would get credit as a leader.



Good leader quality, always does consult for advice with colleagues before taking important decisions, and listen to them to communicate effectively. Being silent is not solution of all matters. Asking questions and listen carefully can boost up confidence of colleagues. So, that they can participate actively and perform in good manner.



Great leader have curious mind. They have ability to know things with different angles, 5 W’s and how. I wrote article about curiosity, critical thinking and creative thinking.

Critical thinking presents what, why and how

Creative thinking presents what if, why not





Critical thinking

Great leaders have critical mind, while there is a problem there is a critical thoughts to solve that through past experience and the sense, evaluating, analyzing, gathering information from, observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication.


Great leaders have the ability to transcend traditional ideas, rules and patterns and to create meaningful new ideas. Learn new things and practice open mind by continuous exercises for instance, what if, why not, how to. Extract and produce something from nothing.


Great leaders follow strict rules to keep them consistent. As everyone knows practice makes perfect. Leader’s consistency leads others to be regular in their routine matters.



Great leaders not only leads top performing colleagues but, also coach It’s one thing to identify your top performing employees, but you also push forward lower performer, and try to give them better direction to meet their targets.

Decision making

I went to the local market to by something but, I saw there was a woman with her child. Child as insisting her mother to get chocolate. Her mother said ok go ahead. There was too much option, and kid couldn’t decide which one choose. Time was running out, her mother gave him 10 seconds to choose one. The kid got one in 10 seconds but, while they were returning towards vehicle kid was not satisfy with his decision. What I am trying to say is, to make best decision within time frame, leaders think carefully each option while approaching the right decision. So, that they wouldn’t regret later.

Do not scared of mistake-risk

Leaders doesn’t think like failure is not option. Failure is a step towards success it give life’s biggest learning opportunities. Failure is a part of life, if you don’t fail you would never learn, if you wouldn’t learn, you would never change. People can learn change and move on.

I have not failed. I have just found 10000 ways that won’t work. (Thomas Edison)

Strategic thinking

In order to think two steps ahead, leaders need to develop a long-term mindset, using research to make good decisions and take time to reflect on decisions.When they planned for the long-term, called “vision” and then starts small actionable steps towards bigger picture they have in mind.